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Category – Eschatology and Last things


Harold Camping and the End of the Word: Part 3

W. Robert Godfrey
Part 1 appears here, Part 2 appears here. Guru Camping’s knowledge of Bible verses and confidence led many to follow him as their only leader and teacher. He had become their guru. It is interesting how often people seek someone to follow unquestioningly. This reality has been called the Fuehrerprinzip…
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The End of the World According to Harold Camping: Part 2

W. Robert Godfrey
Part 1 appears here. Literalist and Allegorist Camping’s reading of the Bible led him to a curiously self-contradictory method which is at some times excessively literal and at other times wildly allegorical. As an engineer he has had a particular interest in the numbers in the Bible. It is this…
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Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 9

Michael S. Horton
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8. Chapter 8: The End is Here The title of this chapter reinforces the impression that Bell has simply collapsed the future into the present. I share Bell’s sense of confusion with many of the…
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Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 8

Michael S. Horton
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7. Chapter 7: The Good News is Better Than That According to Bell, heaven and hell are not actual places but subjective states in which people live. To be sure, living “heavenly” or “hellishly” will affect the…
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Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 7

Michael S. Horton
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6. Chapter 6: There Are Rocks Everywhere Speaking of natural religion, Bell collapses saving grace into common grace and general revelation into special revelation. In 1 Corinthians 10, Paul speaks of the Rock that followed Israel in the wilderness…
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Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 6

Michael S. Horton
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5. Chapter 5: Dying to Live For me, the greatest danger of Bell’s interpretation in this book is his view of Christ’s cross. Obviously, if there is no wrath or judgment, then whatever Christ achieved for us on the cross cannot…
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The End of the World According to Harold Camping: Part 1

W. Robert Godfrey
If you were to drive the freeways of southern California, you would see from time to time billboards proclaiming the Judgment Day on May 21, 2011 and declaring that the Bible guarantees it. Presumably these billboards may be seen in many other parts of the country as well. Who is…
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Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 5

Michael S. Horton
Part 1 appears here, Part 2 appears here, Part 3 appears here, Part 4 appears here. Chapter 4: Does God Get What God Wants? In this chapter the central dogma becomes especially evident. It’s the old conundrum: God is either sovereign or loving. Bell bases his conclusion on the premise…
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Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 4

Michael S. Horton
Part 1 appears here, Part 2 appears here, Part 3 appears here. Chapter 3 Hell Like heaven, hell is described in Scripture with vivid metaphors and analogies drawn from everyday experience. Whatever is meant by such images and expressions as “lake of fire,” where “the smoke goes up forever” and…
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Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 3

Michael S. Horton
Part 1 appears here, and Part 2 appears here. Answers Implied already in the “questions” are the following answers the pre-determine Bell’s assertions. At the heart are the following assumptions: 1. God’s Love Trumps Everything—Including God’s Other Attributes 2. Sin is Subjective 3. Salvation is Subjective 4. Heaven and Hell…
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