Westminster Seminary California

Valiant for Truth - Eschatology and Last things

Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 6
Michael S. Horton

For me, the greatest danger of Bell’s interpretation in this book is his view of Christ’s cross. Obviously, if there is no wrath or judgment, then whatever Christ achieved for us on the cross cannot be understood in terms of a vicarious substitute. There is no objective propitiation and, since everyone is already God’s friend (regardless of whether God is theirs), no objective reconciliation.

The End of the World According to Harold Camping: Part 1
W. Robert Godfrey

If you were to drive the freeways of southern California, you would see from time to time billboards proclaiming the Judgment Day on May 21, 2011 and declaring that the Bible guarantees it. Presumably these billboards may be seen in many other parts of the country as well. Who is responsible for these signs and what do they really mean theologically?

Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 5
Michael S. Horton

In this chapter the central dogma becomes especially evident. It’s the old conundrum: God is either sovereign or loving. Bell bases his conclusion on the premise that God has determined to save everyone and that it’s only their absolutely free will that makes the difference. “Will all people be saved, or will God not get what God wants? Does this magnificent, mighty, marvelous God fail in the end?” (98). 

Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 4
Michael S. Horton

Like heaven, hell is described in Scripture with vivid metaphors and analogies drawn from everyday experience. Whatever is meant by such images and expressions as “lake of fire,” where “the smoke goes up forever” and “the worm doesn’t die,” the referent is clearly a place and not just a state of mind. Every evangelical expositor I’ve come across points out the term for hell as Gehenna, referring to the city dump near Jerusalem. However, for Bell, once again it’s subjectivized

Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 3
Michael S. Horton

Implied already in the “questions” are the following answers the pre-determine Bell’s assertions. At the heart are the following assumptions: