Westminster Seminary California
 
 

Valiant for Truth - Christianity and Culture

Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 5
Michael S. Horton

In this chapter the central dogma becomes especially evident. It’s the old conundrum: God is either sovereign or loving. Bell bases his conclusion on the premise that God has determined to save everyone and that it’s only their absolutely free will that makes the difference. “Will all people be saved, or will God not get what God wants? Does this magnificent, mighty, marvelous God fail in the end?” (98). 

 
 
 
Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 4
Michael S. Horton

Like heaven, hell is described in Scripture with vivid metaphors and analogies drawn from everyday experience. Whatever is meant by such images and expressions as “lake of fire,” where “the smoke goes up forever” and “the worm doesn’t die,” the referent is clearly a place and not just a state of mind. Every evangelical expositor I’ve come across points out the term for hell as Gehenna, referring to the city dump near Jerusalem. However, for Bell, once again it’s subjectivized

 
 
 
Bell’s Hell: A Review by Michael Horton, Part 3
Michael S. Horton

Implied already in the “questions” are the following answers the pre-determine Bell’s assertions. At the heart are the following assumptions: